ADDS Audit

ADDS Audit



Default policy settings after promoting the 2008 DC in a domain




Default settings after promoting the 2008 DC in a domain (Using Auditpol for "DS Access" category)

Auditpol /get /subcategory:"directory access"

Default settings after promoting the 2008 DC in a domain (Using Auditpol for "*" category)

Auditpol /get /category:"*"

C:\>Auditpol /get /category:"*"
System audit policy
Category/Subcategory                      Setting
System
  Security System Extension               No Auditing
  System Integrity                        Success and Failure
  IPsec Driver                            No Auditing
  Other System Events                     Success and Failure
  Security State Change                   Success
Logon/Logoff
  Logon                                   Success and Failure
  Logoff                                  Success
  Account Lockout                         Success
  IPsec Main Mode                         No Auditing
  IPsec Quick Mode                        No Auditing
  IPsec Extended Mode                     No Auditing
  Special Logon                           Success
  Other Logon/Logoff Events               No Auditing
  Network Policy Server                   Success and Failure
Object Access
  File System                             No Auditing
  Registry                                No Auditing
  Kernel Object                           No Auditing
  SAM                                     No Auditing
  Certification Services                  No Auditing
  Application Generated                   No Auditing
  Handle Manipulation                     No Auditing
  File Share                              No Auditing
  Filtering Platform Packet Drop          No Auditing
  Filtering Platform Connection           No Auditing
  Other Object Access Events              No Auditing
Privilege Use
  Sensitive Privilege Use                 No Auditing
  Non Sensitive Privilege Use             No Auditing
  Other Privilege Use Events              No Auditing
Detailed Tracking
  Process Termination                     No Auditing
  DPAPI Activity                          No Auditing
  RPC Events                              No Auditing
  Process Creation                        No Auditing
Policy Change
  Audit Policy Change                     Success
  Authentication Policy Change            Success
  Authorization Policy Change             No Auditing
  MPSSVC Rule-Level Policy Change         No Auditing
  Filtering Platform Policy Change        No Auditing
  Other Policy Change Events              No Auditing
Account Management
  User Account Management                 Success
  Computer Account Management             Success
  Security Group Management               Success
  Distribution Group Management           No Auditing
  Application Group Management            No Auditing
  Other Account Management Events         No Auditing
DS Access
  Directory Service Changes               No Auditing
  Directory Service Replication           No Auditing
  Detailed Directory Service Replication  No Auditing
  Directory Service Access                Success
Account Logon
  Kerberos Service Ticket Operations      Success
  Other Account Logon Events              No Auditing
  Kerberos Authentication Service         Success
  Credential Validation                   Success

Enabling the Auditing through Auditpol

Auditpol /set /subcategory:"directory service changes" /success:enable 



You will get the below events after enabeling the directory service changes.

4720-A user account was created.
4724-An attempt was made to reset an account's password.
4738-A user account was changed.
4722-A user account was enabled.
4727-A security-enabled global group was created.
4754-A security-enabled universal group was created.
4731-A security-enabled local group was created.

I have created a DL but there is no events in eventvwr for that; Will show the below how to get that events.

AD DS Auditing Step-by-Step Guide

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731607(v=ws.10).aspx

Audit Event IDs list

Audit account logon events

Event ID Description
4776 - The domain controller attempted to validate the credentials for an account
4777 - The domain controller failed to validate the credentials for an account
4768 - A Kerberos authentication ticket (TGT) was requested
4769 - A Kerberos service ticket was requested
4770 - A Kerberos service ticket was renewed

Audit account management

Event ID Description
4741 - A computer account was created.
4742 - A computer account was changed.
4743 - A computer account was deleted.
4739 - Domain Policy was changed.
4782 - The password hash an account was accessed.
4727 - A security-enabled global group was created.
4728 - A member was added to a security-enabled global group.
4729 - A member was removed from a security-enabled global group.
4730 - A security-enabled global group was deleted.
4731 - A security-enabled local group was created.
4732 - A member was added to a security-enabled local group.
4733 - A member was removed from a security-enabled local group.
4734 - A security-enabled local group was deleted.
4735 - A security-enabled local group was changed.
4737 - A security-enabled global group was changed.
4754 - A security-enabled universal group was created.
4755 - A security-enabled universal group was changed.
4756 - A member was added to a security-enabled universal group.
4757 - A member was removed from a security-enabled universal group.
4758 - A security-enabled universal group was deleted.
4720 - A user account was created.
4722 - A user account was enabled.
4723 - An attempt was made to change an account's password.
4724 - An attempt was made to reset an account's password.
4725 - A user account was disabled.
4726 - A user account was deleted.
4738 - A user account was changed.
4740 - A user account was locked out.
4765 - SID History was added to an account.
4766 - An attempt to add SID History to an account failed.
4767 - A user account was unlocked.
4780 - The ACL was set on accounts which are members of administrators groups.
4781 - The name of an account was changed:

Audit directory service access

4934 - Attributes of an Active Directory object were replicated.
4935 - Replication failure begins.
4936 - Replication failure ends.
5136 - A directory service object was modified.
5137 - A directory service object was created.
5138 - A directory service object was undeleted.
5139 - A directory service object was moved.
5141 - A directory service object was deleted.
4932 - Synchronization of a replica of an Active Directory naming context has begun.
4933 - Synchronization of a replica of an Active Directory naming context has ended.

Audit logon events

4634 - An account was logged off.
4647 - User initiated logoff.
4624 - An account was successfully logged on.
4625 - An account failed to log on.
4648 - A logon was attempted using explicit credentials.
4675 - SIDs were filtered.
4649 - A replay attack was detected.
4778 - A session was reconnected to a Window Station.
4779 - A session was disconnected from a Window Station.
4800 - The workstation was locked.
4801 - The workstation was unlocked.
4802 - The screen saver was invoked.
4803 - The screen saver was dismissed.
5378 The requested credentials delegation was disallowed by policy.
5632 A request was made to authenticate to a wireless network.
5633 A request was made to authenticate to a wired network.

Audit object access

5140 - A network share object was accessed.
4664 - An attempt was made to create a hard link.
4985 - The state of a transaction has changed.
5051 - A file was virtualized.
5031 - The Windows Firewall Service blocked an application from accepting incoming connections on the network.
4698 - A scheduled task was created.
4699 - A scheduled task was deleted.
4700 - A scheduled task was enabled.
4701 - A scheduled task was disabled.
4702 - A scheduled task was updated.
4657 - A registry value was modified.
5039 - A registry key was virtualized.
4660 - An object was deleted.
4663 - An attempt was made to access an object.

Audit policy change

4715 - The audit policy (SACL) on an object was changed.
4719 - System audit policy was changed.
4902 - The Per-user audit policy table was created.
4906 - The CrashOnAuditFail value has changed.
4907 - Auditing settings on object were changed.
4706 - A new trust was created to a domain.
4707 - A trust to a domain was removed.
4713 - Kerberos policy was changed.
4716 - Trusted domain information was modified.
4717 - System security access was granted to an account.
4718 - System security access was removed from an account.
4864 - A namespace collision was detected.
4865 - A trusted forest information entry was added.
4866 - A trusted forest information entry was removed.
4867 - A trusted forest information entry was modified.
4704 - A user right was assigned.
4705 - A user right was removed.
4714 - Encrypted data recovery policy was changed.
4944 - The following policy was active when the Windows Firewall started.
4945 - A rule was listed when the Windows Firewall started.
4946 - A change has been made to Windows Firewall exception list. A rule was added.
4947 - A change has been made to Windows Firewall exception list. A rule was modified.
4948 - A change has been made to Windows Firewall exception list. A rule was deleted.
4949 - Windows Firewall settings were restored to the default values.
4950 - A Windows Firewall setting has changed.
4951 - A rule has been ignored because its major version number was not recognized by Windows Firewall.
4952 - Parts of a rule have been ignored because its minor version number was not recognized by Windows Firewall. The other parts of the rule will be enforced.
4953 - A rule has been ignored by Windows Firewall because it could not parse the rule.
4954 - Windows Firewall Group Policy settings have changed. The new settings have been applied.
4956 - Windows Firewall has changed the active profile.
4957 - Windows Firewall did not apply the following rule:
4958 - Windows Firewall did not apply the following rule because the rule referred to items not configured on this computer:
6144 - Security policy in the group policy objects has been applied successfully.
6145 - One or more errors occurred while processing security policy in the group policy objects.
4670 - Permissions on an object were changed.

Audit privilege use

4672 - Special privileges assigned to new logon.
4673 - A privileged service was called.
4674 - An operation was attempted on a privileged object.

Audit system events

5024 - The Windows Firewall Service has started successfully.
5025 - The Windows Firewall Service has been stopped.
5027 - The Windows Firewall Service was unable to retrieve the security policy from the local storage. The service will continue enforcing the current policy.
5028 - The Windows Firewall Service was unable to parse the new security policy. The service will continue with currently enforced policy.
5029 - The Windows Firewall Service failed to initialize the driver. The service will continue to enforce the current policy.
5030 - The Windows Firewall Service failed to start.
5032 - Windows Firewall was unable to notify the user that it blocked an application from accepting incoming connections on the network.
5033 - The Windows Firewall Driver has started successfully.
5034 - The Windows Firewall Driver has been stopped.
5035 - The Windows Firewall Driver failed to start.
5037 - The Windows Firewall Driver detected critical runtime error. Terminating.
4608 - Windows is starting up.
4609 - Windows is shutting down.
4616 - The system time was changed.
4621 - Administrator recovered system from CrashOnAuditFail. Users who are not administrators will now be allowed to log on. Some auditable activity might not have been recorded.
4697 - A service was installed in the system.
4618 - A monitored security event pattern has occurred.
For a full list of all events, go to the following Microsoft URL.

Automation for searching the audit events

Searching the audit events not a very hard job; there is fantastic tools called "EventcombMT". It is free & available from below Microsoft link. It is the part of the altool.

Download the Altool.

How to use "EventcombMT" & account locked out troubleshooting

http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/4585.account-locked-out-troubleshooting.aspx

Windows Server 2008 log the event with ID 4740 for user account locked out
Windows Server 2003 log the event with ID 644 for user account locked out

How to calculate the event IDs

 

644(2003 event)+4096=4740(2008 event)

If you have 2003 event then add 4096 ; you will get the event for 2008

Who Moved the AD Cheese? (Ask Premier Field Engineering (PFE) Platforms)

http://blogs.technet.com/b/askpfeplat/archive/2012/04/22/who-moved-the-ad-cheese.aspx

 

Tracking DNS Record Deletion

http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2011/08/17/tracking-dns-record-deletion.aspx

Hey who deleted that user from AD???

http://blogs.technet.com/b/brad_rutkowski/archive/2006/09/21/hey-who-deleted-that-user-from-ad.aspx

Also See, Santosh Bhandarkar TNWikis.

 

1. Event IDs when new a user account is created on Active Directory

2. Event IDs when a user account is deleted from Active Directory

3. Event ID when a user is added or removed from security-enabled UNIVERSAL group such as Enterprise Admins

4. Event ID when a user is added or removed from security-enabled GLOBAL group such as Domain Admins or Group Policy Creator Owners

5. Event ID when a user is added or removed from security-enabled DOMAIN LOCAL group such as DnsAdmins group

 

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  • Richard Mueller edited Revision 25. Comment: Changed tags "Windows 2003" and "Windowss 2008" to "Windows Server 2003" and "Windows Server 2008"

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  • Richard Mueller edited Revision 14. Comment: Fix zeros in <a name> tags  in headings in HTML so TOC works properly

  • Richard Mueller edited Revision 15. Comment: Correct spelling

  • Richard Mueller edited Revision 25. Comment: Changed tags "Windows 2003" and "Windowss 2008" to "Windows Server 2003" and "Windows Server 2008"

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