C#: Extension Methods in .NET

C#: Extension Methods in .NET

Sometimes there is a need to add customized/ user defined methods to existing datatypes.
 
If we write String s1 and then put a dot after s1, we get a list of methods pre-defined such as Aggregate<>, All<>, Average<> etc.
 
With extension methods, we can write out our own method that can be used with existing datatypes as an extension.

Sample:
Step 1: Create a Console Application

Step 2: Create an ExtensionClass as

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

/* Class to display Extension Method */
namespace DeeptendraSpace
{
    public static class ExtensionClass
    {
        //**********//Extension Method//**************//
        //Sample Extension Method 1
        public static string ShowMethod(this string val)
        {
            return "Hello :" + val;
        }

        public static void AddMethod(this int x, int y)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(x + y);           
        }


    }
}


Step3: In main method, write the following.

class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            String msg = "Deep";
            Console.WriteLine("//********Extension Methods**********//");
            Console.WriteLine(msg.ShowMethod()); // Calling Extension Method1 msg.ShowMethod()
            int a, b;
            a = 1;
            b = 2;
            a.AddMethod(b); //Calling Extension Method2 a.AddMethod(b)
            Console.ReadKey();
        }
    }

 

Clearly we can see that the string msg, and integer a are calling extension methods from the ExtensionClass.

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  • Balaji M Kundalam edited Revision 1. Comment: Typography - minor correction

  • This article may benefit from See Also section and more complex explanations and examples. Say, you may want to show an Extension method for Generic class

  • Ed Price - MSFT edited Revision 5. Comment: Font style; tags

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