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This article is a work-in-progress based on the TechNet article Deploying Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 on USB Flash Drive.  Please help correct and extend it. It is the Wiki way!

Note that, as mentioned in the TechNet article, deploying Hyper-V this way is only supported by Microsoft for OEMs. However, as with running Hyper-V on a laptop, just because it is not supported by Microsoft, does not mean that it does not work well for certain limited scenarios that do not require official Microsoft support, such as learning about Hyper-V, or creating training material such as demos, for development purposes, or just for fun.

Before you begin you may wish to review the resrouces available in the Hyper-V Survival Guide, and the Hyper-V Gotchas (common issues). 

Hyper-V supports boot from a USB flash device (UFD).  The UFD must be properly formatted, prepared with a generalized Hyper-V Server image, and must have boot files copied onto it to provide an out-of-box virtualization experience for customers. The UFD can then be used to boot Hyper-V Server on any computer which has hardware-assisted virtualization capabilities and is capable of booting from USB.

You can automate this process with the free tool available on MSDN: Create bootable USB drive for Hyper-V Server 2008 R2.
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