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  • Wiki Page: Windows Identity Foundation (WIF) Throws Exception: "ID6018: Digest verification failed for reference"

    Symptoms During a federation passive request to a WIF-protected web application, WIF throws an exception on the web server. When WIF tracing is enabled, the following exception is found in the service trace: < <ExceptionType>System.Security.Cryptography.CryptographicException...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.x: Error Event IDs 102 and 277 - The type initializer for 'TraceUtil' threw an exception

    Symptom AD FS 2.x is not able to issue tokens, and the AD FS Management console shows that it is not able to connect to the configuration database. The AD FS Admin Event Log contains the following events with the following XML data: Log Name: AD FS 2.0/Admin Source: AD FS 2.0...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Understanding AutoCertificateRollover Threshold Properties

    Item Sample Value Description of Item Effect AutoCertificateRollover True Specifies whether the system will manage certificates for the administrator and generate new certificates before the expiration date of current certificates. ...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Asserting the NameID Claim Type with Additional Properties

    Overview The SAML NameID claim type is a special claim type used to identify the principal of the session, and this claim type can be asserted containing only the value data, or you can also choose to assert additional NameID properties. Below, you will find a Claim Rule Language sample, which...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Configuration options for shared computers and kiosks

    Introduction Using claims aware applications on a shared computer or kiosk adds additional challenges for configuration. One common challenge faced by administrators is with users gaining access to applications as the previous user. Scenario: - User A browses to a claims aware application...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Continuously Prompted for Credentials When Using FireFox 3.6.3

    Symptoms Users are continuously prompted for credentials when authenticating to AD FS 2.0 while using FireFox 3.6.3. Internet Explorer does not exhibit this behavior. Cause The default FireFox 3.6.3 network authentication configuration is incorrect. Resolution...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: The AD FS 2.0 Windows Service Fails to Start, Event 102 and 220 Logged

    Symptoms Starting AD FS 2.0 Windows Service fails From the Services console: "Windows could not start the AD FS 2.0 Windows Service service on Local Computer. Error 1064: An exception occurred in the service when handling the control request." From the command line...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: How to Configure the SPN (servicePrincipalName) for the Service Account

    Summary When you deploy an AD FS 2.0 Federation Server farm you must specify a domain-based service account , and the AD FS 2.0 service account needs to have a SPN ( servicePrincipalName ) registered to allow Kerberos to function for the Federation Service. When you initially configure...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: How to Enable and Immediately Use AutoCertificateRollover

    Summary When the GUI Initial Configuration Wizard (ICW) of AD FS 2.0 has been executed, AutoCertificateRollover is automatically enabled by default and the token-signing and token-decrypting certificates are self-signed and maintained by the AD FS 2.0 service. When the command line ICW of...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: "Script is disabled. Click Submit to continue."

    Symptoms When accessing an AD FS-protected resource using a web browser (passive requestor), the AD FS server presents a page similar to the following: "Script is disabled. Click Submit to continue." Once the user clicks the "Submit" button, access to the application is...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Error Event 323, "MSIS5009: The impersonation authorization failed" and Event 364, "MSIS3126: Access denied"

    Symptoms Token issuance fails The following events are logged in the AD FS 2.0/Admin Event Log: Log Name: AD FS 2.0/Admin Source: AD FS 2.0 Date: 2/14/2011 1:32:23 PM Event ID: 323 Task Category: None Level: Error Keywords: AD FS User: NETWORK SERVICE Computer...
  • Wiki Page: Automatic Login to SharePoint 2010 with AD FS 2.0 & WS-Federation

    Table of Contents Introduction Pre-formatted Link Sample URL Broken Down Removing or Seperating Windows Authentication Links Introduction Consider the situation where you have a SharePoint 2010 site secured by AD FS 2.0 and you have a partner that accesses this application that also uses AD...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.x: When a User is Not Authorized Access to a Relying Party, Redirect the User to a Specific Location

    Overview Consider the following scenario: You have deployed AD FS 2.x, and you wish to provide granular access to specific relying parties by utilizing Issuance Authorization Rules on each Relying Party Trust As an example, you have Contoso SharePoint as a relying party, and you wish to only...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0 & Higher: Truncate strings in claims using RegEx

    Scenario: There is an incoming claim ( or user attribute ) that is being sent to a relying party When the claim is sent, the value must not exceed a certain character limit Data that exceeds this limit must be truncated to accommodate this requirement Example: Incoming claim http...
  • Wiki Page: Understanding Claim Rule Language in AD FS 2.0 & Higher

    Table of Contents Introduction Understanding Claim Sets General Syntax of the Claim Rule Language Condition Statements Issuance Statements Multiple Conditions Combining Values Aggregate Functions Using Regular Expressions Querying Attribute Stores SQL Attribute Stores LDAP Attribute Stores Links to Additional...
  • Wiki Page: SharePoint 2007: AD FS 2.0 - "An unexpected error has occurred" Error or Blank Page Displayed Attempting to Log on to SharePoint, Event ID 23 Logged

    Symptoms You may receive the following error attempting to log on to a SharePoint 2007 site: An unexpected error has occurred. On SharePoint 2010, no error will be displayed and instead you will see a blank page in the browser If you enable AD FS 2.0 tracing, you will see Event ID 23...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: The Service Fails to Start: "The service did not respond to the start or control request in a timely fashion."

    Symptoms The AD FS 2.0 Windows service fails to start. This can be observed during Initial Configuration, during a manual restart of the service, or after a system reboot. The System event log indicates a timeout failure similar to the following: Source: Service Control Manager...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: How to Bulk Add Trust Relationships and Claim Rules for Testing

    Overview Included in this article is a Powershell script sample which allows bulk additions and deletions of test Claims Provider Trusts, Relying Party Trusts, and Claim Rules. These test trust relationships and claim rules may be useful for web testing in a lab environment. Usage Be...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.x: Troubleshooting Proxy Server Event ID 230 (Congestion Avoidance Algorithm)

    Symptoms Client requests that traverse an AD FS 2.x Proxy server intermittently fail The AD FS/Admin Event Log contains event ID 230 showing that the proxy is experiencing congestion Possible Cause 1 The internal AD FS 2.x Federation Server is overloaded with requests Possible...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.x: How to Tune or Disable Infinite Loop Detection (MSISLoopDetectionCookie)

    AD FS 2.x, by default, writes a cookie to web passive clients named MSISLoopDetectionCookie . This cookie holds a timestamp value and a number of tokens issued value so that AD FS can keep track of how often and how many times a passive client has visited the Federation Service within a specific timespan...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Continuously Prompted for Credentials While Using Fiddler Web Debugger

    Symptoms When using Fiddler Web Debugger to troubleshoot an AD FS 2.0 scenario, you are continuously prompted for credentials by the AD FS 2.0 Federation Server. This prompt comes in the form of a HTTP 401 challenge dialog box. Cause By default, AD FS 2.0 utilizes Extended Protection...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: How to Change the Federation Service Name

    When AD FS 2.0 is initially configured, the Federation Service Name is determined using the subject of the SSL certificate bound to the Default Web Site in IIS . There may come a time when you need to change to another Federation Service name. The steps needed to accomplish this task are detailed below...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: Auto-Populate the Username Field of the Forms Sign-in Page When Signing in to Office 365

    When signing in to Office 365 and the " Keep me signed in " checkbox has not previously been checked, an external federated user must type the username two times: Once on the Office 365 sign-in page, and again on the forms-based sign-in page of the AD FS 2.0 Proxy server. Federated users...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS 2.0: How to Back Up the Federation Service

    Summary The method used to back up a AD FS 2.0 Federation Service differs depending on the deployment option you have: Standalone or Windows Internal Database (WID) Farm - Requires a System State backup of all volumes involved. If you changed the default location of any AD FS 2.0 components...
  • Wiki Page: AD FS: How to Obtain Exception Details from the AD FS Error Page

    In AD FS 2.x, debug logging is not enabled by default, and there are specific instructions provided here which step through how to turn on various types of trace messages. However, there may be times where customers are experiencing an AD FS exception, and their web passive client (browser) is...
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